The Eleventh Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference was held 7-11 October, 2001 at Adelaide, SA.

The Conference Planning Committee comprised:

Peter Høj, Chairman The Australian Wine Research Institute
Rae Blair, Conference Manager The Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference
Chris Dundon Netafim Australia
Peter Godden – Workshop Coordinator The Australian Wine Research Institute
Richard Hamilton Southcorp Wines
Peter Hayes Southcorp Wines
Peter Leske Nepenthe Vineyards
Corey Ryan C.A. Henschke & Co
David Wollan Wine Network Australia

Carolyn Grant Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference

Workshop Coordinators:
Trudy Wallis Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference
Ella Robinson The Australian Wine Research Institute

Poster coordinator:
Jeremy Hack The Australian Wine Research Institute

Formal Programme

Go to: Highlights | Workshops | Exhibitors

Sunday 7/10

Session 1 – Business Viticulture
Chair: Paul van der Lee Paul van der Lee and Associates

Options for investing in Australian viticulture
Di Davidson, Davidson Viticultural Consulting
Making grape production a business in NZ
David Jordan, Vine to Wine, NZ
The cost of production and business benchmarks for winegrape producers
Charles Thompson, Rendall McGuckian
Valuing wineries and vineyards
Colin Gaetjens, Colin Gaetjens & Co Pty Ltd

Session 2 – Business Oenology
Chair: David Wollan Wine Network Australia

Wine industry performance – do we measure up?
Stephen Strachan, Winemakers’ Federation of Australia
Building a global wine business
Cameron McPherson, Vinpac International
Producing unique wine styles for o/s mrkts
Producing unique wine styles for o/s mrkts
Managing the passion
Tim White

Monday 8/10

Session 3 – Innovation I: Wine
Chair: Malcolm Allen Charles Sturt University

Microoxygenation in extended maceration and early stages: immediate effects and long term consequences
Thierry Lemaire, Oenodev, France
An evaluation of the technical performance of various types of wine closures
Peter Godden, The Australian Wine Research Institute
Mannoproteins and their use in winemaking
Elizabeth Waters, The Australian Wine Research Institute
New insights into the phenomenon of random oxidation: the role of ascorbic acid and metal ions
Geoff Scollary, National Wine Centre, Charles Sturt University
09:35 Hitting the zone – making viticulture more precise
Dr Rob Bramley, CSIRO Land and Water
09:55 Factors affecting Cabernet Sauvignon quality in warm to hot climates
Dr Rob Stevens, South Australian Research and Development Institute
10:10 Discussion and summary
10:30 Coffee break in Trade Exhibition area

Session 4 – Innovation II: Viticulture
Chair: DeAnn Glenn Grape and Wine Research and Development Corporation

Role of organic matter in soil and plant health
Harry Hoitink, Ohio Agricultural Research and Development Centre, USA
Yield targets: how do we hit them and how important
Greg Dunn, Agriculture Victoria
Integrated vineyard management – research & reality…
Gayle Grieger, South Australian Research and Development Institute
Use of soft chemicals with reference to wood diseases
Ian Pascoe, Agriculture Victoria

Colloquium 1 – Logistics and manipulating viticultural input for sustainability
Chair: Tony Proffitt Albert Haak and Associates

Digital elevation models and EM38 survey – useful tools in the assessment of constraints to vineyard productivity
Tony Proffitt, Albert Haak and Associates
Sampling for winegrape quality parameters in the vineyard: variability issues
Michael McCarthy, South Australian Research and Development Institute
Mulched vines=better wine?
Dion Mundy, The Horticulture and Food Research Institute of New Zealand Ltd
Vine response to root restriction and partial rootzone drying
Ian Goodwin, Department of Natural Resources and Environment
Effect of post-set, crop control on yield and wine quality of Shiraz grown in Coonawarra
Peter Clingeleffer, CSIRO Division of Plant Industry

Tuesday 9/10

Session 5 – Present and future opportunities
Chair: Peter Høj The Australian Wine Research Institute

Precision viticulture-tools, techniques and benefits
David Lamb, Charles Sturt University
Fermentation hardware – a global view
Monika Christmann, Geisenheim State Research Institute, Germany
Wine clarification – new directions and innovations
John Slegers, Pall, The Netherlands
The control of wine fermentation, composition and maturation, future directions
Roger Boulton, University of California, Davis, USA

Session 6 – Application of sensory science for product development
Chair: Dr Vladimir Jiranek S. Smith & Son

Application of formal sensory analysis in a commercial winery
Jane Robichaud, Beringer Blass Wine Estates, USA
Defining and targeting consumer preferences
Terry Lee, E & J Gallo, USA
Characterising ‘in mouth’ sensory properties of red wine
Leigh Francis, The Australian Wine Research Institute
Flavour of wines: towards an understanding by reconstitution experiments and an analysis of ethanol’s effect on odour activity of key compounds
Helmut Guth, Bergische Universitat Gesamthochschule Wuppertal, Institut fur Lebensmittelchemie, Germany
Australian wine show system – its roles and relevance
Brian Walsh, S. Smith & Son

Colloquium 2
Chair: Patrick Iland Department of Horticulture, Viticulture and Oenology, Adelaide University

Relationships between seed composition and grape and wine quality
Renata Ristic, Department of Horticulture, Viticulture and Oenology, Adelaide University
Polyphenols, pigmented polymers and red wine colour: results of the 2001 large scale winemaking trial

Markus Herderich, The Australian Wine Research Institute
Hybrid wine yeasts with unique fermentation characteristics
Miguel de Barros Lopes, The Australian Wine Research Institute
Aspects of malolactic fermentation management
Eveline Bartowsky, The Australian Wine Research Institute
The effects of oak chip size and age on wine composition
Alan Pollnitz, The Australian Wine Research Institute

Wednesday 10/10

Session 7 – Environmental management in viticulture
Chair: Rob Walker CSIRO Division of Plant Industry

Environmental component of consumer perceptions in the UK market
Phil Reedman, Tesco
Not by wine alone: environmental impacts
DeAnn Glenn, Grape and Wine Research and Development Corporation
Environmental systems and practices – what are the options
David Baker, Department of Natural Resources and Energy, Institute of Horticultural Development
A group approach to ISO 14001
Richard Riddiford, Palliser Estate, New Zealand
Sustainability scoring systems – the South African model
Andries Tromp, Scheme for the Integrated Production of Wine (IWP), The Wine and Spirit Board, South Africa

Session 8 – Measuring and paying for grape quality
Chair: Peter Leske Nepenthe Vineyards

Introduction and background
Objective measures of grape and wine quality
Mark Gishen, The Australian Wine Research Institute
How does the world buy grapes?
Annabel Mugford, Adelaide Hills Regional Development Board
An Australian case study
Angus Kennedy, BRL Hardy
The Australian wine industry. Can the success story continue?
Gideon Rachman, The Economist, Brussels


Go to: Programme | Workshops | Exhibitors

by Rae Blair, Conference Manager Australian Wine Industry Technical Conference

The Australian wine industry came together at the Adelaide Convention Centre to be part of the Centre’s first major
conference and trade exhibition. Despite some local and international delegates being unable to attend the event due
to the problems with flights, over 1,650 delegates attended the event from 7-11 October 2001, and took part in the

Around 200 international visitors attended the conference, with the majority of these delegates being from New
Zealand and South Africa. Chair of the Conference Planning Committee, Professor Peter Høj said Whilst the program,
workshops and posters were of immense value to delegates, the ability to meet and informally exchange information with
so many national and international colleagues over four days was vitally important. This type of interaction allows
delegates to broaden their outlook and facilitate an understanding of local and global issues with consequent
opportunities to fine-tune operations in their own organisations.

A valued aspect of the conference was the high quality and variety of the 130+ technical posters. The posters covered
a range of oenological and viticultural categories, and poster prizes were awarded to the following posters:
Non-destructive measurement of white wine colour, authored by G. Skouroumounis, M. Kwiatkowski and E. Waters from
The Australian Wine Research Institute; Mechanisms of copper mediated oxidation of (+)- catechin in synthetic white
wine authored by A. Clarke and G. Scollary from Charles Sturt University; and a range of wine microbiology posters
authored by J. Eglinton, E. Bartowsky, J. Bellon, P. Costello, G. Currie, M. de Barros Lopes, G. Fleet, L. Francis,
A. Heinrich, P. Henschke, K. Howell, V. Jiranek, M. Kwiatkowski, P. Langridge, J. McCarthy, A. Pollnitz, A. Markides
and B. van Wegen from a range of Australian institutions.

The 72 workshops were well attended with over 1,900 places being sold. The Workshop Coordinator, Peter Godden
said It was a massive undertaking to mount 72 workshops, and I am really pleased with the way the workshops
were conducted due to the input from convenors and presentors. At the outset, we were not entirely sure as to
how well the industry would embrace the concept, however, we were delighted with the response. So many
delegates found one or more workshops that they wished to attend, and many delegates were able to attend multiple
Conducting so many workshops proved to be a huge logistical task, from clearing international
wines through customs to washing the cardboard smell from thousands of wine glasses, to ensuring delegates were
out of the formal sessions, fed and onto one of the many buses for their trip to the workshop venue, and more.
Pulling off such a task successfully required us to gather a group of committed individuals.
We were fortunate to be able to secure the services of Trudy Goode and Ella Robinson as my main supporters,
but also a large number of staff from The Australian Wine Research Institute worked some very long hours to ensure
the event was a success.
Peter remarked. Many of the workshops sparked lively debate amongst attendees.
Peter added Some workshops such as the Ethical issues facing winemakers – a discussion will result in minutes
being prepared, which will be circulated to the attendees and to the major wine industry bodies. It is pleasing
that we were able to provide workshops that filled an industry need, and may have a positive impact on the
industry’s future.

Presentations in the formal program were well attended in the main auditorium which was held from Sunday,
7th October to Wednesday, 10th October. Members of the Conference Planning Committee were pleased
overall with the presentations and the way the sessions had turned out,
noted Chair, Peter Høj, it
is difficult for me to say which particular session was the most valuable, as quality presentations were evident in all
sessions. However, based on the views of many delegates one could probably identify Session 6 (Chaired by
Louisa Rose) Application of sensory science for product development as the most thought-provoking session,
Dr Terry Lee from E. & J. Gallo, and Jane Robichaud, from Beringer Blass Wine Estates, gave presentations
with theories of mapping consumers by their taste/preference, not just simply by their usual demographics.
The whole concept of using sensory science as a primary aid to developing products is an exciting area which
would appear to be a valuable commercial tool,
said Høj. Dr Leigh Francis presented Characterising ‘in mouth’
sensory properties of red wine, which came from research undertaken by The Australian Wine Research Institute,
in collaboration with Adelaide University. From this research, a ‘mouthfeel wheel’ has been developed which
identifies and defines standard terminology to describe the feel of a wine in-mouth. The ‘mouthfeel wheel’
can be an important tool for winemakers to use in product development, where the winemakers are able to identify
in-mouth sensations more readily and use common terminology to facilitate communication and understanding,

says Høj. Professor Helmut Guth from the University of Wuppertal presented aspects of his seminal work on the
reconstruction of varietal flavour in white wines and provided further very hard evidence for the ‘dulling’
effect alcohol has on the perception of individual aroma compounds. Paradoxically, we might find that in our
quest to ripen fruit to maximise the concentration of fruit characters, this benefit is annulled by the consequent
increase in ethanol concentration in the final wine. Høj summarised The session was completed by an eloquent
presentation by Brian Walsh from Yalumba Wines on the Australian wine show system, and its relevance to our
modern industry.

The formal program was supplemented with an oenological and a viticultural colloquium. These colloquia were
developed from excellent poster abstracts we had received,
said Høj We were able to put together two
colloquia with topical presentations which generated a lot of interest.

The Conference banquet dinner was held on the Tuesday evening with 820 attendees. The food and fine
Australian wine were of an excellent standard.

Run alongside each Technical Conference is a trade exhibition, and this year’s exhibition was the largest ever
held with a Technical Conference. We had 178 exhibitors completely fill the newly expanded facility in Adelaide
and, unfortunately, we had to turn some exhibitors away, as we had sold the entire space. The exhibition was open
from Sunday night through to Thursday evening, and was open to delegates and non-delegates. It was pleasing to see
so many of the suppliers participating in the exhibition, and the companies endeavouring to achieve maximum
information flow to delegates. Many went to great lengths to ensure their display really stood out from the crowd,
which added to the festival atmosphere. The trade exhibition is an important component of the whole event, and it
provides a great opportunity for delegates and non-delegates alike to view, in the one venue, a wide range of
products and the latest innovations available that support the wine industry.

Professor Høj remarked upon the financial support provided by the Conference sponsors. This type of event is
impossible to mount at the low registration fees we charge, without the strong support of our sponsors,
said It is really important for students to attend the event, as they are the future of the industry, so our
sponsors allowed their registration fee to be heavily subsidised.
Professor Høj acknowledged the valued
support from the following sponsors: Netafim Australia, Vinpac International, Amorim, Seguin Moreau, Chr Hansen,
The Stephen Hickinbotham Memorial Research Trust, Winetitles and the Grape and Wine Research and Development

Being able to bring together such a large number of Australia’s wine technicians, and present to them such
a feast of knowledge, in a variety of forms, was remarked upon by many international visitors,
said Høj,
There are few comparable events on the world wine calendar.


Go to: Programme | Highlights | Exhibitors

W01Tartrate stabilization and deacidification
W02Microbiological spoilage: do you know which bugs are growing in your wine, and the effect they are having on its quality?
W03Operations and quality systems – master or servant ?
W04Micro-oxygenation : a new approach to wine maturation (repeated on Wednesday, 10/10/01)
W05Winemaking with non-conventional yeasts
W06Practical barrel management (repeated on Thursday 11/10/01)
W07Successful contracting and resolving contractual disputes (repeated on Thursday 11/10/01)
W08Future trends in agrochemical use
(repeated on Tuesday 9/10/01)
W11Managing Botrytis – an integrated approach
W12Phylloxera management
W14Precision viticulture – principles, opportunities and applications
W15Viticare: one of the industry information sources on the Web
W17The bottling and packaging of wine
W18Ethical issues facing winemakers – a discussion
W19Introduction to chemometrics: NIR spectroscopy of grapes and wine
W21What Bug is that? Bretts, bacilli and other nasties – How to spot them in your wine
W22Troubleshooting wine instability problems (repeated on Thursday 11/10/01)
W23Impacts of grape and wine tannins and enotannins on red wine structure (repeated on Thursday 11/10/01)
W24Practical Laboratory Applications for a UV-Visible Spectrophotometer
W25Wine exporting for beginners
W26Malo cultures – can you taste the difference? An exploration of the sensory effects of MLF
W27New product development and consumer choice behaviour for wine products
W28Finding the alcohol sweet spot
W33The Mite Workshop – how to solve rust mite problems in your vineyard: integrated management of grapevine rust mite, Calepitrimerus vitis (Nalepa), in Australian vineyards with a special regard to its biology
W34Turning grape yield monitor data into useful yield maps
W35Pest and disease identification and monitoring
W36Oxidation (copper and ascorbic acid) (repeated on Thursday 11/10/01)
W37Optimising press selection
W38New varieties for Australian conditions – discussion and tasting (repeated on Thursday 11/10/01)
W42Quality management – options for growers
W45The Mouthfeel of wine
W47Salinity control and water-source management
W48Process control – various case studies and systems
W49Future Trends In Agrochemical Use ( Repeated from Sunday 7/10/01)
W50NATA systems and information management
W51Viticultural Computer Programs
W53Quality management – options for wineries
W91Partial rootzone drying (PRD)
W55Greenhouse management for vineyards and wineries – a technical perspective
W56Micro-oxygenation : A new approach to wine maturation (repeated from Sunday 07/10/01)
W58Water relations in grapevines: from the basics to everyday management
W59Wine analysis – getting it right in the small winery laboratory
W13Pierce’s Disease – early detection and diagnosis
W16Converting to Organic Grapegrowing
W62Tasting of wine stored in five different oak types
W63Impacts of Grape & Wine Tannins & Enotannins on Red Wine Structure (Repeated from Sunday 07/10/01)
W64Developing and managing distribution for domestic and international markets
W65Oxidation (copper and ascorbic acid ) (Repeated from Monday 08/10/01)
W66New varieties for Australian conditions – discussion and tasting (Repeated from Monday 08/10/01)
W67Riesling – the next viticultural challenge
W70Soil moisture monitoring equipment
W71Practical barrel management (Repeated from Sunday 07/10/01)
W73Improving vineyard spray application
W74Environmental management – systems and practices
W75Growing for quality
W76Grapevine trunk diseases
W77Troubleshooting wine instability problems (Repeated from Sunday 07/10/01)
W78Successful contracting and resolving contractual disputes (Repeated from Sunday 07/10/01)
W79Objective measures of grape and wine quality
W80Chardonnay and Pinot Noir clonal performance
W81Real world applications of sensory science: how to go from wine tasting to sensory science with the use of trained, objective tasting panels.
W82Factors determining the impact of cooperage oak on wine style
W83Powdery/Downy Mildew
W84Do wine-derived phenolic compounds have a role in improving human health?
W85Quality management – introduction to HACCP
W86Quality management – HACCP plan development (Advanced)
W88Collection systems and contingency planning for winery effluent and stormwater
W90Wine economics – understanding developments in the world’s wine markets
W92Crop estimation
W94Benchmarking your vineyard – the tools
W95Sourcing and handling high quality planting material
W96Vine mineral nutrition and soil management – implications for wine quality
Trade Exhibitors

Go to: Programme | Highlights | Workshops

A&G Engineering
A&J Electrical
Adelaide Colour Creative Imaging
Adelaide Cooperage
AEP Industries
Agrichem Manufacturing Industries
Ahrens Engineering
Air Liquide
Alfa Laval Australia Pty Ltd
Amiad Irrigation
Amtrade Interntional
Anthony Smith
AP John Coopers
AR Black
Australian Winemakers
Automation IT.Com
Avery Dennison
AWRI Analytical
Barrell Associates International
B.E.S.T. Lab Instrumentation Pty Ltd
Bev Tech
BirdDeter Pty Ltd
Bird Gard
Blanks Agrolive Pty Ltd
BOC Gases
Byford Equipment
CA Schahinger
Camms Automation
CE Bartlett
Champion Compressors
Chemical Plant and Engineering
Chem-Supply Pty Ltd
Chester Oak
Chr Hansen
Chris Grow
Composite Systems
Cooperative Research Centre for Viticulture
Cork Supply
Costa Enterprises
Cox Temperature Recorders Pty Ltd
Crown Scientific
CSIRO Div Plant Industry
Cuno Pacific
Davidson Viticultural Consulting
Dayco Pty Ltd
DM Plastics
Domino (Australia) Pty Ltd
domnick hunter pty ltd
Dow AgroSciences
DSL Drum Services
DSM Food Specialists
Eagle Radio Telemetry
Elders Ltd
Enviromist Industries
Environmental Systems
Espak Capsules
Ezy Systems
FlexLink Systems
FlexTank Pty Ltd
F.LL1 Tassalini Off. Mecc.
F Miller
Foss Pacific
Gas Process Control
Grapeworks Pty Ltd
Great Engineering
Green Tech
Gro Guard
Hans Moog Packaging
Heinrich Cooperage
Hypac Pty Ltd
Ifm efector
Imaje Coding
Intelligent Irrigation
IPA controls pty ltd
James Contract Supplies
Jamesprint Labels
JB Macmahon
JBM Juvenal Australia
JMA Engineering
Kauri NZ Ltd
Krueger Engineering
Macweld Industries
Mauri Yeast Australia Pty Ltd
Measurement Engineering
MEP Instruments
Mono Pumps
Moxan and Company Pty Ltd – trading as Moxon Timbers
NADALIE Australia Pty Ltd
Nairn Industries
National Grapegrowers
National Weighing & Instruments
Natural Resources & Environment – Vic
NHP Electrical Engineering Products
NIR Technology Australia
Northern White Oak, USA
Nufarm Australia
Oak Miracle
Omni Manufacturing
Orica Australia Pty Ltd
Pall Australia
Pemara Corp
Polytech Industrial Services
Precision Labels
Prochem Pipeline Products
Pryde Measurement
Radiometer Pacific
Ramondin Australia Pty Ltd
Ryan Publications
SA Tractor
SA Water
Sabate Australia
Sage Automation
Seaweed Sales Australia
Selby Biolab
SF Fabrication
S.I. Instruments Pty Ltd
Simon Stainless Products (Willmes)
Sofradi Australia
Solutions in Stainless
Spirac Engineering
Spraygro Liquid Fertilizers
Spitwater SA
Suber-Lefort Group
Sudmo Australia Pty Ltd
Sumitomo Australia
Swift & Co
Tarac Technologies
Taylors Engineering
Tonnellerie Sirugue
Triangle Filtration and Irrigation
Tronics Pty Ltd
Tuff Tap by A.L.F.
University of South Australia
Vaslin Bucher
Vetrerie Bruni
Vinpac International
Vintessential Laboratories
Viticulture Technologies
WE Ware
Wesfarmers Landmark
Westfalia Separator Australia Pty Ltd
Willmes Australia
Wine Collectables
Wine Industry Appointments
Wine Network Australia (Taransaud)
Winery Supplies
World Cooperage
The Yalumba Wine Company

Go to: Programme | Highlights | Workshops | Exhibitors